Know the Prostate Gland!
The prostate gland is a walnut-sized, doughnut-shaped gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum in males. Its primary function is to secrete a fluid that makes up a significant part of semen. This fluid nourishes and protects sperm, enhancing their motility and viability during ejaculation. The prostate gland is under the control of male hormones, particularly testosterone. It plays a crucial role in the reproductive system, aiding in the transportation and fertilization of sperm, ultimately contributing to the process of human reproduction. Prostate also contains a hormone (five alpha reductase) which convert the testosterone to its active form .The muscles of prostate ensure that the semen is forcefully pressed into the urethra and then expelled outwards during ejaculation. Ambady Scan Centre truly distinguishes itself as the premier Prostate Ultrasound Scan Centre in Thrissur, amidst our extensive array of imaging services.
What is Prostate Ultrasound
Prostate ultrasound is a medical imaging technique used to evaluate the prostate gland. It can be done in two ways- Trans abdominally and Trans rectally (called TRUS). In TRUS higher frequency probe is used so that resolution of the images are better helping to have a more accurate diagnosis . For Trans abdominal ultrasound, full bladder is needed and scanning is done through the lower abdominal wall.
In TRUS , the probe is inserted into the rectum to obtain a detailed image of the prostate . If a 3D probe is used, 3D images of the prostate can be obtained.
Prostate ultrasound is primarily used to diagnose and monitor conditions such as benign prostatic enlargement( BPH), prostate cancer, and infections . Also to evaluate causes for infertility in males. Prostate ultrasound is commonly used in conjunction with blood tests such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) especially in older patients to improve diagnostic accuracy and guide treatment decisions. Prostate ultrasound is a valuable tool in urology and plays a crucial role in maintaining men’s urological health.
Benefits of Prostate Ultrasound
Early Detection &Real-Time Imaging:
Prostate Ultrasound is a valuable tool for early detection of non cancer enlargement called Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (BPH) commonly occurring in men after the age of 55 and early detection of prostate cancer and allowing for timely intervention and improved treatment outcomes.
It also provides detailed and real-time imaging of the prostate gland, enabling healthcare professionals to assess the size, shape, and texture of the prostate with high accuracy. The colour Doppler study along with normal scanning helps to examine the blood flow within the gland .
Guidance for Biopsies:
Prostate ultrasound helps guided needle biopsies by precisely targeting suspicious areas, increasing the chances of obtaining representative tissue samples and reducing the risk of false negatives.
For patients with BPH, prostate cancer or other prostate-related conditions, ultrasound can be used to monitor disease progression, response to treatment, and recurrence.
Unlike some other imaging techniques, prostate ultrasound is non-invasive and does not expose patients to ionizing radiation, making it a safer option for repeated examinations.
Prostate ultrasound aids in the planning of minimally invasive procedures, such as transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy and brachytherapy for prostate cancer treatment.
Compared to other imaging modalities, prostate ultrasound is relatively cost-effective, making it more accessible to patients.
Risks of Prostate Ultrasound
Prostate ultrasound is generally considered a safe procedure, but it carries some risks and potential complications.
Trans Rectal Prostate ultrasound involves inserting a transducer probe into the rectum, which can cause discomfort or mild pain for some patients during the procedure.
While ultrasound-guided biopsies are generally safe, there is a small chance of more significant complications, such as rectal bleeding, infection, or very rarely, damage to surrounding organs.
Rare Adverse Events:
Rarely some patients will complain pain during TRUS. Very few patients, pain may lead to loss of consciousness due to a medical condition called Vasovagal attack. Using a lot of lubrication gel, and dilating the anal sphincter by keeping the finger for a few minutes, these rare complications can be avoided . This needs experience. It is essential for patients to discuss their medical history, any concerns with their healthcare provider before undergoing a prostate ultrasound.
Since its founding in 1996, Ambady Scan Centre has invested in the latest technology available in this industry and we are the best scanning centre in Thrissur. Ambady Scan Centre gives the most accurate and reliable results due to its 25 years of experience and cutting-edge equipment.